Popularity ~ 1740 - 1780
Georgian describes a long era in which a number of kings named
George ruled England. King George III was in charge at the
time America gained it's independence. So, technically
speaking, a true Georgian house must have been built prior to 1776.
(although Pennsylvanians continued to build them into the early
1860's) Most of the American houses of this period usually followed drawings
of homes already in existence in England. The prevalent style that
emerged during the reign of the Georges was one which grew from
mainly classical influences.
- Wide boards used as
siding - This was meant to look
like the stone originals in England.
- Arched window
over a doorway or a separate window with an arch - Both known
as Palladian after Italian Architect Andrea Palladio (1508 -
80). There are Palladian windows in many buildings of this
period. Even Independence Hall.
- Projections under the eaves called Modillions
- Taken from Greek temple architecture.
Originally, Greek temples were built out of wood, and the wooden
rafters which supported the roof projected beyond the walls.
In time, the modillions became a decorative echo of the
original rafter ends.
- Many smaller panes of windows -
This is due to the fact that
glass was difficult to manufacture in large panes until after
- Symmetrical - chimneys on both sides of house
- Four over four floor plan -
Two rooms deep by two rooms wide
Georgian styled houses and
buildings used three different rooflines that really change the look
of the house. The most prevalent style associated with these
homes is the Hip roofline.
Hip Roofline: One formed by
four walls sloped in different directions with the two longer sides
forming a ridge at the top.
Gambrel Roofline: One having
two slopes on two sides with a steeper lower slope than the upper,
Gable Roofline: One with a
triangle, with the ridge forming an angle at the top and each eave
forming an angle at the bottom.
Mount Vernon - Note Hip
Typical Georgian style house -
Painting by Harry Devlin
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