Queen Anne -
Eastlake Stick Style
Popularity ~ 1870 - 1900
This is when 19th century architectural styles begin
to get blurry. The reason for this was the introduction of the
plan book. There were so many architectural elements available
by this time, that builder's could build a house from a plan book or
mix and match elements. With that being said lets talk about
the last two major architectural styles of the 19th century Queen
Anne and Eastlake Stick Style.
Like the Italianate, the Queen Anne
style allowed for a variety of floor plans and the addition of
towers, bay windows, and porte-cocheres. The Queen Anne style
introduced the used of spindles, to give the jig saw a rest.
Alternate siding, such as clapboard on a first floor and decorative
shingles on the second is a trademark of this style. Octagon
towers with a tapering roof, capped off by a medieval ornament, and
a porch with a frieze of spindles. Fluted chimneys were also
introduced during this period.
Tower - On a corner of the house with steep
tapered roofs, usually decorative slate. Medieval
ornament on top.
porch - First common use of exterior spindles,
often joined with a spindled frieze to match. Columns
often with an inverted taper.
- Windows /
Doors with small multicolored panes surrounding a larger
Queen Anne styled house in Westfield, NJ - Painting
by Harry Devlin
Eastlake Stick Style
Stick Style is not an architectural concept, so
much as a decorative one, and Stick Style elements can be found on
Queen Anne and Italianate structures, as can elements of the design
concepts of Charles Eastlake. Charles L. Eastlake (1833-1906),
an English architect who wrote "Hints on Household Taste in
Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details," published in 1868.
Reprinted in America in 1872, the book had become so popular that it
required six editions within eleven years.
Generally, Eastlake ornamentation features
intricate wood details: porch posts, balustrades, verge boards,
pendants, and other decorative elements characterized by a massive
and robust quality. Wooden decorative elements were products of the
power lathe and saw.
The porch of the Stick Style house illustrated
here is a typical Eastlake extravaganza. Eastlake styling created
an inexpensive and fanciful beauty attained a popularity not
possible for the stern stuff of the Stick Style; and, Eastlake
frets, friezes, fans, brackets and lattices became the ubiquitous
American exterior decor, gracing cottages, villas and Queen Anne
castles alike. As well, the sturdy balustraded Eastlake front porch
became the hallmark of the comfortable American residence.
The Eastlake Stick Style expressed character, and
character was an attribute very high in the Victorian list of
virtues. Contemporary writers admired the the Stick Style
houses and were especially charmed by the shadows cast by the
external framework. In Henry Cleveland's plan book devoted
largely to Stick Style houses, he wrote: "The strength and character
of a building depend almost wholly on the shadows which are thrown
upon it's surfaces by projecting members"
- Overall angularity,
verticality, and symmetry
- Exposed truss
support beams under eaves - Called stick
work - symbolized the structural skeleton of the building.
decorative vertical, horizontal, diagonal and crisscross
boards applied over horizontal clapboards
- Most often found on gable ends and upper stories.
Sometimes diagonal boards were incorporated
- Steeply pitched
cross gables -
Projecting gables - Trussed gables - Sunburst or spoon
carved nature-based designs in gables
- Square towers as opposed to round
Queen Anne Towers
- Large verandas and
Often decorated with simple diagonal braces
- Bright, contrasting
Stick Style Home in Ocean Grove NJ - Painting by
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